SAP is one of the largest providers of ERP solution to companies across the globe and it has many clients in fortune 500. The system R/3 is highly scalable enterprise solution which can suit requirements of large and midsized companies. The modules are divided in three main groups Logistics, Human Resource and Financials.
1. The ERP software can be easily customized as it is written in the programming language ABAP/4.
2. It has the features to be integrated to a number of different types of architectures and run on many types of operating system such as UNIX and Windows NT.
3. One of the key SAP module features is that it can be integrated to a number of different types of databases such as Oracle, Informix, ADABAS D etc.
4. Applications integrated to R/3 are financial applications, human resource applications, distribution applications and manufacturing.
5. The R/3 applications integrate many diffident applications and it suits the requirements of complex enterprise set ups.
Some of the modules of SAP are
Material Management: It is used for purchasing, inventory and warehouse management.
Production Planning and Control: The module is designed to manage product related processes and it assembles all process of a manufacturing unit.
Sales and Distribution: The sales and distribution module helps the company to ease sales procedures and meet customer demands by providing on time delivery of products and giving future based reports to enable easy and accurate decision making.
Financial Accounting: The module takes care of all the accounting information and documentation related to finance. It helps in delivering reports and the information of the modules is used for control and planning of business processes. The module takes in the records of general ledger, books, taxes, accounts receivable, asset management, accounts payable etc.
Payroll Accounting: It is a module which is used for maintaining employee data easily and securely. The data provided in the payroll accounting helps in providing a global view and centralizing the payroll process.
Project System: It is the module which helps in managing large and small projects’. It involves make to order, third party ruling, plant shut down etc.
Human Resource Management: The human resource management module keeps the records of the present employees, previous employees and future employees of a company. The module has career management records, succession plans, training etc.
Plant Maintenance: The module helps in management of plant and the equipments which are found in an industrial set up. The module includes management of three things - labor, down time/outages and material.
Quality Management: The quality management module has features for checking that the production delivers quality products and it is completed accurately in a number of stages. The process includes making plans, execution of quality plans, inspections, giving certificates and quality stamps to the final products etc.
Production Planning: SAP has a number of provisions for different requirements of different production units and the production planning module takes care of the capacity planning, master requirements planning, shop floor and master production scheduling.
Business Warehouse: The business warehouse module of SAP helps in managing the data of the system. It stores the data and does technical and functions data transformation.